The Complete Emoji Texting Guide for Every Age梗突塔滕攻滕拎滕蛤

emoji-granny

I read an enlightening Rupert Murdoch publicationwhere a momkept sending phallic emoji to her son in dotingtexts, and hewas understandably very confused. This is the kind of emoji faux pasthat inspires coke-addled fantasies and cinematic prowess alike.

Rather than berate well-meaning emoji beginners with traditional advice,thistutorial attempts tobridge the generational gap by suggestingusefulemoji textsforevery decade of life. They range from humorous to downright depressing. Maybe we really do get wiser with age…

Myinitial inspirationcame from Diana Hill’s incredible emoldji to better reflect what people over 50 would like to express using the medium.

Baby

Getting Away with Everything

Bartender, more milk!

HOLD ME!

Finally going to bed? Don’t get too cozy. I just started crying again!

儭 Mess up potty training and you will alterthe course of mypsychosexual development forever

屢尉et me play with the iPad real quick

埠荊荊荊純Can I have a valet for my 4th birthday?

If you read me one moreBrothers Grimm story, I’ll worshipDavid Cronenberg

塔 攻 Posting embarrassing photos of me on Facebook qualifies as child abuse.

Teens

Prepare to Cringe

滮湛 TURN UP!

SLAY

YAS QUEEN

兩抽 Fam

Basic

It’s lit!

That’s ode gucci

We cyphed and got totallysmacked

鳶滕 I curved him and dubbed his sh@#/Nope out!

Mupload that ish(middle-aged Buzzfeed writer variation)

Swag money(either going through midlife crisis: see 40s section, or 12-year-old boy on Instagram)

YOLO (ironically)

On fleek! (ironically)

Bae (so 2013)

20s

More Growing Pains

Screwed for finals

屢 Come save me, I’m at the bar!

抽歹 Netflix and chill?

鳶 抽歹 儭 潘 Knock before entering #LUG

賅賅賅 Just barfedin my Uber

滕 I told you so!

THIRSTY

ME TIME/Cozy night in

仇 I’m feeling myself in these jeans

Broke AF

I’m so over having roommates

Everyone I know is getting married!

埠 塔 Am Igonna be okay?

30s

The IDGAF Years Part 1 #Adulting

賤儭 晦 劾 Swipe left!

∴ Finally done withtherapy. Ready tolive my best life!

儭 塔滕 抽儭 Mom, I’m not ready to have kids. My houseplant is dying!

Maybe I don’t need a Mr. Darcy?

湘鳶 No FOMO

Will you pick new furniture with me from somewhere that’s not IKEA?

I accept myself completely, just as I am.I accept myself completely, just as I am.I accept myself completely, just as I am…

劾 ∴ 痰湘 Tradingvodka cranberry for a single glass of red wine and Theo James for a socially-ineptaccountantwith dad bod.

I’ve finally found my personal style after countless man-hours of browsing Pinterest and Instagram.

儭 仇 Coachella? I’m too old for that sh!#

40s

Behold the Midlife Crisis. Terribly Depressing!

It’s the economy, stupid!

Can’t teach an old dog new tricks!

BRBmarriage in shambles and everything is a lie

Mother, I do not need a blind date. Particularly not with some verbally incontinent spinster who drinks like a fish, smokes like a chimney, and dresses like her mother.

I don’t want to stay out too late

返 More baggage than a 747/ Paris Hilton in the Riviera/a drag queen on a road trip

屢 湘 Fighting slowing metabolism with a gym subscription

As I got older I looked at the world and I realised, we need armour.

50s

Midlife SurvivorAftermath

湘 蛤滕莞 Senior discounts, here I come!

蛤 Sorry,I’m too old! (translation: I don’t wanna!)

攻 佞 Youth is wasted on the young

兩抽 The kids are alright

Who in their right mind would listen to this crap?

劾 The invisible cloak of old age keeps sexual harassment away

鳶 蛤 I don’t give a hoot what theneighbors say!

Back in my day…

仄儭 凌I wish I could remember that far back. What was your question again?

60s

Introspection and Arthritic Fun

蛤 綾 The kids have families of their own now… Maybe I’ll run for president.

My arthritis is acting up again

蜃 BRB spending the kids’ inheritance money like there’s no tomorrow

兩色 丹 How was yourOne Dimension concert, honey?

We’re all works of art in progress

Why should I stop working? If I do, I’ll die and it’ll all be finished.

The trick in life is learning how to deal with it.

If you’re going to do a memoir, then it’s sort of at this age – in your late sixties or seventies – that you do it. I don’t understand people who do memoirs when they’re 20.

蛤撢 拎 The hardest period in life is ones twenties. Its a shame because youre your most gorgeous and youre physically in peak condition. But its actually when youre most insecure and full of self-doubt. When you dont know whats going to happen, its frightening.

70s

Personal Transformation and The IDGAF Years Part 2

Bring me my set of teeth, will you?

Don’t forget my memory meds!

蛤 湘 儭Let’s all get demented!

儭 U up 4 a game of Backgammon/mahjong/bingo/golf?

蛤 返 I’m not giving in to anyone else’s idea of how I ought to feel and look at 70. ‘Retirement’ is not a word I can evenvisualize.

氐仄 蛤撢You cant control how other people see you or think of you. But you have to be comfortable with that.

We tell ourselves stories in order to live

攻 佞 If Id had children and had a girl, the first words I would have taught her would have been f*** off because we werent brought up ever to say that to anyone, were we? And its quite valuable to have the courage and the confidence to say, No, f*** off, leave me alone, thank you very much.”

80s

Achieving Digital Fame by Being a Cool Grandma

蛤滕梗 Time to reinvent myself as an Instagram celebrity!

Do I think what, hon?

I think most people are actors. Theres fakery going on, dont you think?

Im not an old person. Ive never been an old person. I just do my thing.

蛤 拎鄞仇 笨I think that high school kids and college kids and even grade school kids know who I am and want pictures with me. Why? Because they all want me to be their grandma! They also want to be like me when they get to be my age.

蛤 湘 佞 攻鄞Oh, I just love young people. Ive got young people around me all the time.

漎儭If you’re over a certain age, you’d better keep your bra on because nothing’s worse than saggy duds

I don’t believe in funerals. I believe in celebrating life, and showing people, while they’re alive, how much I care about them

90s

Social Disapproval and Bitter Snobbery

I suffer from dehydration and I know what awful things it can do.

I don’t look at social mediaor think about what I had for breakfast, it’s ridiculous.

儭 儭 I haven’t dated in 68 years.

兩抽把 Everybody today is like a robot, and I don’t want to be part of that.

儭 儭 If you walk down the street in New York in the winter, all the young ladies look alike.

踢 ∴ People seem to live vicariously through other people and other things, and that’s why they are all becoming empty shells.

You hardly meet anyone with a soul anymore

100

Becominga Treasure Trove of Wisdom

I don’t care about my birthday one bit!

Bye Felicia

儭 色授Don’t let the cat piss in my ashes

What is Iron Maiden, sweetie?

領儭 My secret to a long life has been staying away from men. They’re just more trouble than they’re worth.

Get plenty of exercise, eat a nice warm bowl of porridge every morning and never getmarried.

I am tired and take naps as many times as I can

I have always loved a glass of sherry and good food. My favourite is chocolate blancmange

兩兩把 劾 拎 湘 Having adult children makes you look 100 years old. I don’t want that.

 

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1963 – 1982: Smiley Face, Emoticons, and Japanese Kaomoji 綽荊肅珮_()_/簪

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Tyler Schnoebelen, a Stanford linguistics Ph.D., explains that we are only just learning how to convey the speed of talking through written word, without physical contextual clues, and emoji can go beyond representing simple internal states to creating interactive variants and propositions for readers.Furthermore, given that 7% of communication is verbal, 38% vocal, and 55% nonverbal according to a seminal study by psychologist Albert Mehrabian, we are effectively losing 93% of our communicative potential. Even Nabokov, arguably one of the greatest novelistsof the 20th century, acknowledged as early as 1969 the need for emoji: “I often think there should exist a special typographical sign for a smilesome sort of concave mark, a supine round bracket.”

Smiley

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And so, beforeour currentassortmentof skeumorphicemoji designs filledthe void of cold, screen-based interaction, we hadthe classicSmiley An ad man named Harvey Ball created the original yellow smiley face symbol as part of a 1963 campaign to boost company morale for State Mutual Life Assurance Company in Worcester, MA. He was paid $240 for the design and slogan Have a Happy Day, including $45 for the rights to the image. The image was never copyrighted by either Ball or State Mutual.

The smiley face symbol was quickly appropriated from early-70s to late-80s acid house culture and soon became a ubiquitous symbol in pop culture. Bernard and Murray Spain, two brothers who owned Hallmark card shopsin Philadelphia, sold over 50 million buttonsbased on the classic smiley design by1971. French journalist Frank Loufrani registered the trademark as Smiley World in 1972 and launched a smiley T-shirt licensing company which today makes more than $130 million annually.

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As with the marginalia of the medieval century, the Smiley’s “fixed facade of childlike contentment (…) was ripe for subversion.” Early political statements using the smiley include the Dead Kennedy’s 1979 album California Uber Alles, with its Nuremberg-style rally with Smileys instead of swastikas, and blood-stained smiley face motifs pointing to a dystopian world of depressed superheroes in the comic Watchmen. The Smiley took on political undertones as a “visual metaphor for a narrative that examines guilt, failure, megalomania and compromise with a corrupt power structure.” Itbecame a staple of“Corporate Rock Whores” Nirvana T-shirts in the 90s and ecstasy PSAsdenouncing youth culturealike.

Emoticon

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Scott Fahlman, creator of the smiley face emoticon

The first digital emoticons were smiley faces created by Carnegie Mellon computer Scientist Scott Fahlman in 1982. The sideways smiley face was invented out of a need to distinguish serious messages on the online bulletin boards, or bboards, used by the university in the 1980s.The first emoticons were used as “joke markers” after someone posted a fake mercury spill message. The wordemoticon isa portmanteau of “emotion icon,” and it is defined asa typographic display of a facial representation, used to convey emotion in a text only medium. Emoticonsare distinct from emoji because they use characters from the Latinalphabet whereas emoji require specific encoding and designs vary cross-platform.

Kaomoji

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Kaomoji were independently invented in Japan around the same time as emoticon and use the fuller character set to create facial expressions from punctuation marks. The word Kaomoji 憿摮 means “face letters.”The first kaomoji was (^_^) and appeared in a Japanese forum in 1986. Kaomoji are an extension of Japan’s kawaii (cute) culture influenced by manga and anime, with a greater focus on eye expressions than mouth. They range from the simple(*_*) to complex designs like (嚝栽)嚝*:嚚伐. or 鉦_鉦 or even (純售‾堆荔葭 領 and it is estimated that there are over 10,000 of them.

One of the most popularkaomoji is the shrug

簪\_()_/簪

Kaomoji and emoticons arose from the need to communicate intent more clearly on message boards. A complete list can be found here.

1041-1450: Printing Press 

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Long beforeall the tech jobs were outsourced to India, scribes experienced an early instance of creative destruction with the advent of the printing press. In 1041 AD Bi Sheng brought movable type printing technology to China, and by 1450 it had been improved on by Johannes Gutenberg. Hand-lettering was replaced by character serialization, a data format that could be stored and reused, and language was reduced to its most basic components: graphemes, phonemes, and punctuation marks. As mentioned in myemoji prehistorypost, a grapheme is the smallest unit that makes up a word. Graphemes are written representations of phonemes (groups of 2, 3 or 4 letters), and phonemes are the smallest units that make up a sound. In the English language, for instance, there are approximately 44 phonemes.

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Because English today is based on phonograms, or symbols that represent spoken sound rather than concrete images, it may seem counterintuitive that wefind ourselvesin the throws of a digital pictographic obsession whenthe emoji fad has very much ended in its country of origin. So how did the appropriation of Chinese kanji symbols and the phonetic system pave the wayfor an army of delightful cartoonish symbols? How hasemoji grown to supplement our blandEnglish vocabulary?

1320 – 1340: Medieval Symbolism and Manuscript Marginalia  

Sometime between 1320 and 1340, the psalms collection Luttrell Psalter was commissioned by Geoffrey Luttrell in England. It is notable for containing paintings with vivid colors and inventive decorations accompanyingthe text at the margins, often contrastingtheir austere subject matter, known as manuscript marginalia. Manuscript marginalia contained a great deal of detail and often provided images that ranged from subtly humorous to downright bizarre. Some examples are “wrestlers, hawkers, bear baiters, dancers, musicians, throwing games, a mock bishop with a dog [jumping] through a hoop- and a wife beating her husband with her spinning rod” and what was then known as the “grotesques”: hybrid creatures that combined a human head with an animal/fish/bird body and plant tail. 劾

luttrell.jpgIt is within medieval imagesthat we find the first inklings of rich symbolism, word associations and hidden meaning. For instance, floreat,which meant “to flourish,” was represented with a blooming rose in the psalms. Similarly, nocte, or “night,” is followed by a black bat in the margin.This gave the text a mnemonic purpose which made the manuscript “memorable and meditative.” Aside from mnemonic function, however, scholars cannot agree onwhether the marginalia were purely decorative or had symbolic meaning. As with emoji, marginalia served as a shorthand for ideas, and especially grotesque or obscene images were interpreted as a kind of satire and subversion of the human condition.

12,000 – 2700 BC: Paleolithic cave paintings, Sumerian cuneiform, Egyptian Hieroglyphics, and Chinese logograms 踱鳶瘀

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Emoji have been extensively compared to a modernized version of Paleolithic cave paintings, estimated to be over 17,300 years old. Homo sapiens emerged on the African landscape 200,000 years ago but, leavingbehind no archaeological recordofthe brain northe development of our cognitive abilities, we lookto abstract artistic relics to determine how our wiring has changed over time. The pictograms of horses and stags found at Lascaux were the first real shift in using visuals to represent larger abstract ideas, purportedly memorializing past hunts or shamanic ritual instruction, along with 32 geometric shapes ranging from dots to circles. Despite the low number of geometric shapes created over thespan of 30,000 years, each symbol had a distinctive usage pattern.

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Paleoanthropologist Genevieve von Petzinger explains that stenciled hands appear at less than 20% of the sites and were very common before fading out of use at the end of the Ice Age, while dots and lines appear less than 75% of the time. Tectiforms (roof-shaped symbols), however, only appear in the Dordogne and Huesca regions of France between 13,000 and 17,000 years ago and seem to have been a clan sign used regionally only. The fact that the symbol is not found anywhere else points to either a trade network for goods such as flint or obsidian between the two places or a tribal relocation, perhaps through intermarriage. The significance of the Paleolithic comparison is in the experimentation with visual marks which enables usto create a new kind of typology.

13926461-cuneiform-writing-of-the-ancient-sumerian-or-assyrian-civilization-in-iraq-stock-photo

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Fast forward to 5,500 years ago, theSumerians created the cuneiform writing system to communicate using pictographs. Cuneiforms use a wedge-based tool or reed to mark wet clay. Dr. Kate Wiles of the excellent linguistics podcast Allusionsexplains that initially, the language was used for tracking bartering of livestock and the yearly agricultural harvest. Wilesgives the example of shipping three cows, a goat, and a bale of hay, and knowing that they arrived at the other end by using the shorthand system. Eventually,graphemes, the smallest units of written language, became more abstract and helped expandourmeans of self-expression, much like emoticons werecombined creatively to form new meanings. The Sumerian cuneiformsystem was in use for 3,000 years, on par in cultural significance with the Roman alphabet.

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Perhaps the greatest historical analog to emoji has been the Egyptian hieroglyphic system, which is the subject of multipleuninspired articles by anxiousjournalists insisting that we are evolving backwards and we ought to stick tothe language of Shakespeare.Bangor University linguist Vys Evans explains that as a visual language emoji has already far eclipsed hieroglyphics, its ancient Egyptian precursor which took centuries to develop.” Hopefully that will serve as some reassurance that if we have eclipsed Egyptian civilization, surely we can’t be too far in the perceived regression spouted by hyperbolicemoji detractors…

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The comparison to ancient hieroglyphics, as with the Mayan hieroglyph system used from 250 BC to the 1500s, is inevitable in that they rely on a series of small symbolsto express a complete idea rather than phonetic sounds, and their emotional and cultural assessment is subject to interpretation. Mayan hieroglyphs were used to convey historical, literary, religious, and mythological information, as well as a complex mathematical knowledge. Fittingly enough, the Unicode Consortium has been awarded the Script Encoding Initiative grant to include Mayan hieroglyphs as Unicode characters by2017.

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Finally, emoji issimilar to written Chinese and its pictorial origins spanning 3,500 years. By 1,000 BC, around 3,000 characters had been created primarily to record oracle predictions on turtoise shells and cow bones. Some Chinese characters which were later adapted to Japanese were visually modeledon familiar objects, most notably (ki) which is a pictograph of a tree,鈭 (hito) which looks like a person from the side, and撅 (yama) which shows a series of mountains.

To conclude, emoji is alogogramatic system, where a concept rather than a sound is represented pictorially, with comparable historical examples ranging from the Stone Age cave paintings and Sumerian cuneiform to ancient hieroglyphics andthe Chinese written system.

Emoji History Series 

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Because this is a blog about all things emoji,it would be incomplete without a history of emoji and how we got here. It is well known that emoji owes a lot to its Japanese heritage but what ofthe sacred carvingsthat arose at the dawn of Sumerian civilization and their naturalevolution to money-with-wings emoji marking successful drug deals on Venmo ?In the following series, I will identify major milestones that have contributed in some way to our understanding of the semantic wonderthat is emoji!